IBS

What is the difference between Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) and Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)?

IBD and IBS are two illnesses that can affect the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Both can cause abdominal pain and changes in bowel movements. However, they are not the same. While there are many similarities between IBD and IBS, it is important to highlight the differences.

IBS:

  • Functional GI disorder that causes recurrent abdominal pain and changes in bowel movements.
  • Symptoms may include bloating, constipation, diarrhea, or mixed diarrhea with constipation.
  • Patients with IBS have these symptoms without damage to the GI tract.
  • Endoscopy and radiology tests do not show inflammation. Imaging (CT or MRI): No inflammation of the bowel wall seen typically.

IBD:

  • Chronic inflammatory diseases involving the GI tract, including Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis.
  • Immune cells cause inflammation and ulceration in the lining of the intestines, which can lead to frequent and/or urgent bowel movements, abdominal pain, diarrhea, or bleeding.
  • In IBD, the GI tract is damaged. Symptoms can be different for everyone and depend on the type of IBD and where the inflammation is located in the GI tract.
  • Endoscopy: redness, ulceration, bleeding seen with scope. Imaging (CT or MRI): inflammation of bowel wall is common.

References:

NIH, NIDDK

Related Posts

ayurvedic practices for gut health part III

Ayurveda series – Part III: Ayurvedic practices for gut health

Ayurveda and Digestive Health: The Power of Daily Routines, Yoga, and Mindfulness Ayurvedic practices for gut health offer a holistic approach to health and wellness, emphasizing the importance…

ayurvedic practices for gut health part II

Ayurveda series Part II: Ayurvedic practices for gut health

Ayurveda’s Digestive Wisdom: Understanding Agni, Ama, and Doshas Ayurvedic practices for gut health offer profound insights into maintaining health, with a special emphasis on digestion. Central to this…

ayurvedic practices for gut health part I

Ayurveda series – Part I: Ayurvedic practices for gut health

Introduction to Ayurveda: A Holistic Health System Ayurveda, an ancient system of medicine that originated in India over 5,000 years ago, presents a unique and holistic approach to…

gas and bloating in the indian diet

Understanding Gas and Bloating in the Indian Diet

Gas and bloating in the Indian diet, though common digestive issues, can be particularly prevalent in individuals following an Indian diet. The rich tapestry of Indian cuisine is…

what to drink with IBS

What to drink with IBS

Living with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) often involves careful consideration of not just what you eat but also what to drink with IBS. While there’s ample information on…

manage ibs pain

How to manage IBS pain

This comprehensive exploration aims to deepen our understanding of how to manage IBS pain and cramps, shedding light on the underlying causes and distinctive characteristics. Furthermore, it serves…